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What's the differences between H1 and H2 physics In Singapore A level exam?

Updated: Jul 18

In Singapore, GCE Advanced Level or A-Level Physics is split into two primary categories: H1

and H2. These labels correspond to the complexity and depth of the subject matter, as well as the amount of time students are expected to dedicate to each course. Here's a brief overview of the main differences between H1 and H2 Physics:

Student standing in front of a whiteboard full of equation

Depth of Subject Content

H1 Physics is intended to give students a broad understanding of fundamental physics concepts and how they apply to everyday life and modern technology. The H1 syllabus is less extensive compared to H2, with fewer topics and less depth in each topic.

On the other hand, H2 Physics provides a more in-depth and comprehensive exploration of the subject. It delves deeper into each topic, covering more complex theories and concepts. H2 Physics is more rigorous and demanding and is designed to prepare students for further studies in Physics or related disciplines at the university level.

Assessment Structure Differences of H1 and H2 Physics

The assessment structure for H1 and H2 Physics also differs:

H1 Physics is assessed through a single paper that includes:

  • multiple-choice questions, structured questions, and data-based questions

calculator on physics test paper

H2 Physics consists of three papers:

  • Paper 1 with multiple-choice questions

  • Paper 2 with structured questions and data-based questions

  • Paper 3 with a combination of free-response questions and a planning question (related to experimental techniques and data analysis)

Pre-requisites for University Courses

teaching writing physics equation on the blackboard

H2 Physics is typically a requirement for university courses in Physics, Engineering, and some technological fields.

In contrast, H1 Physics might not meet the prerequisites for these courses.

Duration of Study

H2 subjects, including Physics, generally require more classroom instruction hours due to the more extensive coverage of content, compared to H1 subjects.


In summary, the choice between H1 and H2 Physics depends largely on a student's interest, academic ability, future career aspirations, and the subject combination constraints at their school. Both courses provide a solid foundation in Physics, but H2 does so in greater depth and breadth.

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